Phantasmagoria – was a pre-cinema projection ghost show invented in france in the late 18th century, which gained popularity through most of Europe (especially England) throughout the 19th century.

A modified type of magic lantern was used to project frightening images such as skeletons, demons, and ghosts onto walls, smoke, or semi-transparent screens, frequently using rear projection. The projector was mobile, allowing the projected image to move and change size on the screen, and multiple projecting devices allowed for quick switching of different images.
An inventor named Henry Dircks, created the ‘Dircksian Phantasmagoria’. This is a technique that was used to create real-time translucent ghosts on theater stages in the late 1800s. With crafty lighting and glass panes, he was able to reflect the image of an actor portraying the ghost, onto another glass pane on the stage. The effect create a “real” looking ghostly image.

later known as pepper’s ghost this video shows how modern day ppl could be fooled by its effects!! just goes to show u again how innovative times were back then!! if no one experimented with film we wouldn’t be where we are today!!